Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart – the Lviv (Lemberg) Mozart
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, the younger son of the famous classical music composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was a composer, who lived most of his life in Lviv, Ukraine. Franz Xaver Mozart is often referred to as “the other Mozart”.
Classical Mozart music is readily available online and internet users have access to multiple opportunities to discover a variety of Mozart interesting facts. Most people associate Mozart chamber music with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
At the present time, we don’t have the ability to let you have a Mozart download, free of charge. However, we are certainly actively reviewing that option. For now, click to listen to Mozart – Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart that is.
Why is Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart Called ‘The Other Mozart’?
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart (1791 – 1844) was the youngest son of the famous Vienna based composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791). Since his name can be confused with his famous father's name, Franz Xaver Mozart is often referred to as «the other Mozart».
During the Soviet period, when various aspects of Lviv history were discussed, the name of Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart was consistently suppressed. It was only quite recently, when Ukraine declared its independence that people began to talk about the youngest son of the genius, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Finally, facts that related to Franz Xaver Mozart, his living in Halychyna and his numerous activities in Lviv, appeared in the press…. Continue reading….
from a blog entry by Myron Yusypovych – March 19, 2013
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart was born on July 26, 1791. His famous father, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, died four months after Franz Xaver’s birth,. His entire life, Franz Xaver was often referred to within musical circles as “the other Mozart”.
Where Did Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart Live for Most of His Life?
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart sculpted by Volodymyr Tsisaryk
For most of his life, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart lived in and around the city of Lviv region, in present-day Ukraine. He spent 30 years of his life (1808 – 1838) in the vicinity of the City of Lemberg as Lviv was called during the particular period of Hapsburg rule.
At the time of the Hapsburg Empire, Lviv (Lemberg) was the empire’s 5th largest city – after Vienna, Budapest, Prague and Trieste. Lemberg (Lviv) was the capital of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, a crown-land territory. Most highly placed, administrative positions within the Kingdom were appointed by the Hapsburg Monarchy. They were speakers of German. Hence, it was relatively easy for the young Mozart to move from Vienna to Lemberg and begin his professional carreer.
On October 22, 1808, the 17 year old Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart moved to the village of Pidkamin (Podkamien) situated about 65 km from Lviv. Here he became music teacher for the Count Baworowski family. Later, in September of 1811, Franz Xaver moved to the nearby village of Sarki to work for the Count von Janiszewski family. Finally, he decided to move to the city of Lemberg to become musical tutor for the Pogocki, Czartorinski and Sapheh children.
In 1813, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart accepted a position with the family of the Chief Government Councillor (Hauptregierungsrat) Ludwig Cajetan von Baroni-Cavalcabò. He maintained an employer-employee, as well as a personal relationship with the family until the end of his life.
There is speculation that Franz Xaver Mozart also became the Kapellmeister for the Lemberg city theatre. Certainly, he was a competent vocal teacher and organizor of many musical events in the city of Lviv.
Can I Listen to Mozart – Franz Xaver Wolfgang – Works?
A rarely performed but beautiful cantata piece for soloists, choir and orchestra by Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart is The First Day of Spring op.28 (Der erste Frühlingstag) written in 1827. According to various Lviv based references, the cantata was composed to commemorate the visit to Lemberg of the Empress consort of Austria, Caroline Augusta of Bavaria. The work was published in piano accompaniement form in Vienna in March 1829. Click below to listen to Mozart.
On March 1, 2012,The First Day of Spring op.28 (Der erste Frühlingstag)by Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart was performed in its entirety at the Lviv Philharmonia to orchestral accompaniement. The Galician Academic Chamber Choir and the Lviv Virutosos Chamber Orchestra performed under the guidance of Myron Yusypovych.
Des Lenzes freundlicher Verkünder,
Spring’s friendly Herald,
der Jahresblüthe erster Tag;
you bloom on this first day of Spring;
O senke! o senke!
May you bring down to us
o senke von azur’nen Höhen,
from the sky’s cerulean heights,
beglückend dich zu uns herab!
a gratifying sense of contentment!
Des Lenzes freundlicher Verkünder,
Spring’s friendly Herald,
schon leuchten deine Himmelskerzen.
your candles light up the sky.
Der Jahresblüthe erster Tag;
You bloom on this first day of Spring;
wie sehnt nach dir sich die Natur.
and, Nature longs to receive you.
O sey willkommen uns’ren Herzen,
We welcome you in our hearts,
sey hoch begrüsst in Wald und Flur!
we welcome you in the forests and open fields!
uns allen! uns allen!
all together! all together!
In addition to choral music, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart composed many pieces for the piano, some sonatas, quartets and a few pieces for voice. The voice pices are called «songs» or «Lieder» in German. Most of these were composed during the period from 1808 to 1838, when Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart considered Lemberg to be his home.
What Interesting Facts are there About Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart?
The First Day of Spring
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart was 4 months old when his famous father, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, passed away. Interestingly, it was shortly after the death of her husband that Constanze Weber Mozart began referrring to her youngest son as Franz Xaver Wolfgang. Officially, the child had been baptized as Franz Xaver.
Growing up, the only memory the young Franz Xaver had of his father were the stories he was told by his mother, Constanze. According to various sources, his father's many professional acquaintances never ceased to impart on the young Franz Xaver information on his father's greatness.
Agnes Selby states the following: «Young Wolfgang never knew his real father, only a God-like figure whom at first he tried to emulate. The realization that he lacked his father's genius brought to an end his own aspirations and locked him into an existence of self-doubt and unfilfilled longing for a greatness he knew he could never achieve» (quoted from Mozart's Sons: The Legacy of a Genius by Agnes Selby).
On the other hand, Liubov Kyjanovska, professor at the Lviv Academy of Music, presents a somewhat different point of view claiming that Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart «was instrumental in the establishment of professional music centers» in the Lemberg (Lviv) city of the Hapsburg Empire. In time, his influence evolved into the Galician Music Conservatory and later, the present-day Lviv Academy of Music. Using his knowledge of music and personal, as well as, family connections in the music world Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart was able to organize many musical events in and around the city of Lemberg, providing a solid foundation for the city's future cultural and musical development.
What Musical Events did Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart Organize?
Requiem by W.A.Mozart
In 1826, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart organized a choir with the Saint Cecilia Association (Cäcilien-Verein). Saint Cecilia (Sancta Caecillia) is the patron saint of musicians. Beginning with the 16th century, musical associations, choirs and academies named in her honour were popular in Europe.
According to archives in Lviv, the first performance of the Cäcilien-Verein choir took place on December 2, 1826. A special guest star that evening was the virtuoso violinist Karol Jósef Lipiński (1790 – 1861) who had been principal violinist and conductor of the opera orchestra in Lemberg from 1809 to 1817.
On December 5, 1826, the 35th anniversary of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's death, his son, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, conducted his father's Requiem at the St. George's Ukrainian Greek Catholic Cathedral in Lviv. A present-day plaque commemorates the event.
The Cäcilien-Verein amateur choir continued to perform in Lviv until 1829.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart left an extensive musical legacy that is appreciated world-wide. His son, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, destined to walk, play and compose in his father's shadow, left a small, but unique legacy based in the City of Lviv, Ukraine for all to enjoy.